Comprehensible Input

Comprehension Approach

Stephen Krashen's language learning theory is an example of a comprehension-based approach:

Input Hypothesis or Monitor Model

The main source about the input hypothesis or the monitor model is Stephen D. Krashen's own website.

Jade Joddle: Can you learn a language just by listening? (7 minutes, YouTube). The short answer is, “No, just listening is not effective”.

Publications by Stephen D. Krashen

Publications are listed in chronological order. The list is not exhaustive.

Journal Articles and Books on Stephen D. Krashen's Work

Other Links Related to Stephen D. Krashen and His Work

Output Hypothesis

The “opposite” of Stephen Krashen's input hypothesis is the comprehensible output (CO) hypothesis formulated by Merrill Swain.