Rrrrussian essentially is a language that requirrres its speakerrr to have a tongue that worrrks like a vibrrratorrr.Hanbing Feng (in John Cowan's Essentialist Explanations)
Russian belongs to the East Slavic languages, a subdivision of the Slavic languages that also includes Ukrainian and Belarusian. Russian has around 150 million native speakers.
- Paul / Langfocus: The Russian Language (YouTube, 14 minutes, 25.01.2016).
- RusslandJournal.de: 5 gute Gründe, Russisch zu lernen (YouTube, 13 minutes, 20.05.2016).
- Russisch lernen ist verdammt schwer!, Bildungs-News.com, (no date; probably 2015).
Getting Started Learning Russian
- Kaufmann, Steve: Learning Russian - Difficulties And Tips (YouTube, 22 minutes, 17.08.2013). Steve Kaufmann started learning Russian at the age of 60. When he started, he had decided to de-emphasize grammar and to relay more on exposure to the language. Steve Kaufmann says that Russian pronunciation is not easy (for people who have no previous experience with Slavic languages). The writing system is obviously easier than the Chinese writing system, but it has a few letters that have no counterpart in the Latin writing system; in addition, a few letters look the same as in the Latin alphabet, but are pronounced differently. (Reading in your native alphabet is always easier; e.g. Czech is a Slavic language that uses the Latin alphabet.) Word order is very flexible and in some ways very different from English. The three big bugbears in Russian are the cases, verbs of motion and the aspect of verbs. Steve briefly explains each of these grammatical features.
- Natalie: How To Start Learning Russian, October 2014. (Natalie is a native speaker of Russian.)
Learning Russian Online
- Learn Russian with RussianPod101.com: this channel has many videos, organised in playlists such as Introduction to Russian, Russian Pronunciation, Russian Listening Comprehension for Absolute Beginners and Russian Reading Practice for Absolute Beginners.
- Real Russian Club is a YouTube channel by Daria, a certified Russian language teacher from Moscow. The channel has many useful playlists, for example, Russian pronunciation exercises, Speaking lessons for beginners, Slow Russian course (over 20 videos) and Russian case trainer. Daria also offers video lessons and premium courses on her website.
- Maria Zdorovetskaya is a native speaker of Russian who has a YouTube channel aimed at intermediate learners. The associated website www.easyrussianclub.com seems to have disappeared.
- RU-LAND Virtual Russian Language Club and RU-LAND's YouTube channel were started by Nika Minchenko. The website also offers Russian Skype lessons.
- R for Russian (go to the playlists!).
- Russian from Russia and Russian from Russia's YouTube channel.
Learn Russian Language.
(The videos are usually in Russian, although it is not clear whether the channel owner
is from Russia or the UK.)
See also wikitranslate.org/wiki/Russian.
- Natasha speaks Russian (apparently by a native speaker).
- ROU Russian Online University.
- Russian grammar: YouTube channel Dr. Curtis Ford, (Ph.D. in Slavic Linguistics, UNC Chapel Hill), who has taught Russian for over a decade
- Foreign Language Dialogues.
Learn Russian Easily
(by Zhanna, who describes herself as
qualified professional teacher of the Russian language).
- Russian Language Whisperer.
Learning the Russian Alphabet
- Estrada, Ryan: Learn to Read Russian in 15 Minutes: visual method that uses mnemonics that rely on the shape of the characters. (Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share-Alike licence (CC BY-NC-SA).)
- Nesterova, Nadezda: Lerne das russische Alphabet in 10 Schritten, vollständiger Schritt-für-Schritt Leitfaden mit Übungen, Sprachheld-Blog, 24.02.2017.
- RusslandJournal.de: Das A und O der russischen Sprache (YouTube, 15 minutes, 27.05.2016).
- Learn Russian with RussianPod101.com: Introduction to Perfect Russian Pronunciation (YouTube, 4 minutes, 28.07.2015).
- Real Russian Club: Russian pronunciation exercises: a YouTube playlist focusing on pronunciation.
The Test of Russian as a Foreign Language (TORFL) is a proficiency test with six levels that match the six levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR).
- Russian Language Centre (UK): TRKI Levels: this page gives the number of hours of study that are required to reach each TRKI (or TORFL) level. For example, the second certificate (TORFL II, level B2) requires roughly 1100 hours of study.
- Exlinguo: All you should know about the TRKI/TORFL Russian exam (19.02.2016).
- StudyRussian.com: TORFL Level: descriptions of the levels (in German).
- russian-online.net: Alles was Sie über TRKI-Stufen wissen müssen.
- Russian Coach: Levels of Russian Language Competency and TORFL Examination Home Language Competency Levels (29.06.2017).
- Maria Zdorovetskaya: TORFL - How to pass Russian language test? PART 1 (YouTube, 27.07.2017, 8 minutes; there is not “part 2”): video that contains mostly example questions from the elementary test. See the training test (PDF) on the website russian-test.com.
- Georgakis, Angelos: Learn Russian with effective techniques - Talk at Oxford University (Angelos Georgakis on YouTube, 13 minutes, 04.06.2015).
- Seyfi, Philip: 100 top resources to learn Russian, lingualift blog, 03.03.2013.
- Cellars, Brian: Learn to Speak Russian using Audacity (1,5 minutes, YouTube).
Russian Language Stack Exchange:
Russian Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Russian language.
Questions related to learning Russian:
another website about the Russian language, with the following description:
«Русский язык» — сайт вопросов и ответов для лингвистов и энтузиастов русского языка.
- Dostoevsky, Fyodor:
The Meek One: A Fantastic Story. An Annotated Russian Reader. Edited by Julia Titus; Illustrations by Kristen Robinson. Yale University Press, 2011. (176 pages)
From the publisher's book description:
This fully annotated paperback learner’s edition of Dostoevsky's short story The Meek One is intended for intermediate and advanced Russian students. In addition to the Russian text, the book includes an introduction discussing the story's historical context, literary significance, and critical response; an extensive glossary and a learner's dictionary; discussion questions; and vocabulary quizzes, exercises, and self-tests.
- Bailyn, John Frederick:
The Syntax of Russian. Cambridge Syntax Guides. Cambridge University Press, 2014. (392 pages)
Note that this book is aimed at students of linguistics, not at regular language learners.